Mr. Lexi explained that, Factories Act, 1948 aims for welfare of the workers.”
What are the objectives of the Factories Act, 1948?
● Regulate the working conditions in factories,
● Regulate health of workers,
● Regulate safety welfare and annual leaves,
● Enact special provisions for young persons, women and children.
● Protect the workers from exploitation.
What is the applicability of the Factories Act, 1948?
Is this act applicable to every factory?
What are the essentials for a factory for the purpose of this act?
● There must be a manufacturing process which is being carried on or is ordinarily carried on in any part of the premises.
● 10 or more workers have been working in such premises for the past 12 months with the aid of power.
● 20 or more workers have been working in such premises for the past 12 months without the aid of power.
What is meant by “aid of power”?
What is the provision relating to working hours of the workers?
What are the provisions for protecting the health of the workers?
● All necessary precautions shall be taken to keep the premises clean,
● Proper drainage system, adequate lighting, ventilation, temperature etc.
What should be done to ensure safety of the workers?
● No young person shall work at any dangerous machine,
● Manholes shall be of adequate size so that workers can escape in case of emergency.
What facilities should be provided for the welfare of the workers?
● Facilities for storing and drying clothes,
● Facilities for sitting,
● First aid appliances,
● Shelters, rest rooms, lunch rooms etc.
When are the penalties imposed under this act?
What are the different penalties imposed under this act?
● Fine which may extend upto one lakh rupees, or
● Both fine and imprisonment.
DUTIES OF THE OCCUPIER
Who is an occupier?
What are the duties of an occupier?
● Right of workers to be warned about imminent dangers
● Facilities for sitting and canteens
● Annual leave with wage
● Safety and occupational health survey.
DUTIES OF A FACTORY MANAGER
What are the duties of a factory manager?
● Notice of period of work for adults
● Register of adult workers
● Annual leave with wage
● Notice of certain disease
● Safety and occupational health survey
AUTHORITIES UNDER THE ACT
Who is an inspector?
Who is a certifying surgeon?
Who is a safety officer?
Which court has the jurisdiction to entertain the matters relating to offences under this act?
In A Nutshell
● There must be a premises and there shall be a manufacturing process going on in that premises with or without the aid of power.
● The provisions of the act lay down various points regarding safety, welfare, health, environment etc regarding which the factory has to follow the prescribed guidelines.
● If the provisions of the act are violated then penalty shall be imposed which could either be imprisonment or fine or both.
● Occupier is a person that controls all the affairs of the factory and has certain duties that he shall fulfill.
● There are various authorities under the act such as an Inspector, safety officer and a certifying surgeon.
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